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Sunday, November 20, 2011

BATHING

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Your infant doesn't need much bathing if you wash the diaper area thoroughly during changes. 2 or 3 times a week during her first year is plenty. If she is bathed more frequently, it may dry out the skin.

During the first week or two, until the stump of the umbilical cord falls off, your newborn should have only sponge baths. In a warm room, lay the baby anywhere that's flat and comfortable for both of you - changing table, bed, floor, or counter next to the sink will do. Pad hard surfaces with a blanket of fluffy towel. If baby is on a surface above the floor, use a safety strap or keep one hand on her at all times to make sure she doesn't fall.

Friday, November 18, 2011

DIAPER RASH

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Diaper rash is the term used to describe a rash or irritation in the area covered by the diaper. The first sign of diaper rash is usually redness or small bumps on the lower abdomen, buttocks, genitals, and thigh folds - surfaces that have been in direct contact with the wet or soiled diaper. This type of diaper rash is rarely serious, and usually clears in the 3 or 4 days with appropriate care.

The most common causes of diaper rash include.

BOWEL MOVEMENT

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In the first few day of life your baby will have his first bowel movement, which is often referred to as passing meconium. This thick, dark green or black substance filled his intestines before birth, and it must be eliminated before normal digestion can take place. Once meconium is passed, the stools will turn yellow-green.

Monday, October 31, 2011

URINATION

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Your baby may urinate as often as every one to three hours, or as infrequently as four to six times a day. If she's ill or feverish, or when weather is extremely hot, her usual output of urine may drop half and still be normal.

Urination should never be painful. If you notice any signs of distress while your infant is urinating, notify your pediatrician, as this could be a sign of infection or some other problem in the urinary tract.


DIAPERS

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Until disposable diapers were introduced about thirty-five years ago, the only choice was to use cloth diapers, and either launder them at home or use a commercial diaper service. Today, modern disposable diapers meet the needs and expectations of most parents, and make up 80% or more of all diapers changes in virtually all developed countries. However, diaper choice is a decision that every new parents faces. Ideally, you should choose between cloth and disposable diapers before the baby arrives, so you can stock up or make delivery arrangements ahead of time. In order to plan ahead, you should know that most newborns go through about ten diapers a day.


Sunday, October 30, 2011

HOW YOUR BABY SLEEPS

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Even before birth your baby's day were divided between periods of sleep and wakefulness. By the eighht month of pregnancy or earlier, her sleep periods consisted of the same two distinct phase that we all experience:

  • RAPID EYE MOVEMENT(or REM) SLEEP, the times during which she does her active dreaming. During these periods her eyes will move beneath her closed lids, almost as if she were watching a dream take place. She may also seem to startle, twitch her face, and make jerking motions with her hands and feet. All are normal signs of REM sleep.
  • NON-REM SLEEP, which consists of four phases: drowsiness, light sleep, deep sleep, and very deep sleep. During the progression from drowsiness to deepest sleep, your baby becomes less and less active, and her breathing slows and becomes very quite, so that in deepest sleep she is virtually motionless. Very little, if any, dreaming occurs during non-REM sleep.
 

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